Opinions
Opinions

Opinions

2023-007

Requested by: Scioto County Prosecuting Attorney
Subject to approval by the court of common pleas, the county sheriff is authorized to promulgate rules and policies to deny an arrestee admission to the county jail when the jail physician determines that off-site treatment is required as a matter of medical necessity, and the medical costs of an arrestee denied admission to the county jail are borne by the custodial law-enforcement agency. If an arrestee is denied admission to the county jail based on medical necessity, custody remains with the outside law-enforcement officer and that officer is responsible for transporting and guarding the arrestee at the off-site medical facility.

2023-006

Requested by: Greene County Prosecuting Attorney
The Ohio Civil Rights Commission cannot authoritatively interpret R.C. 4112.02(G), which does not prohibit operators of public accommodations from adopting policies that limit communal restrooms, changing rooms, and locker rooms to members of a single sex. Whether a restroom, changing room, or locker room that is open to the public and located in a facility owned by a governmental entity is considered a “public accommodation” under R.C. 4112.01(A)(9) for purposes of R.C. 4112.02(G) is a question of fact that must be determined by the courts. Political subdivisions and their employees can be liable for violations of R.C. 4112.02(G).

2023-005

Requested by: Ashtabula County Prosecuting Attorney
A county official cannot perform maintenance or make repairs to county-owned buildings and offices and improvements over the objection of the board of county commissioners, and if funds are not being used in the manner for which they were appropriated, the board of county commissioners may stop the repairs and the expenditure of funds. Members of the board of county commissioners have the ability to access county-owned buildings and offices to oversee maintenance and repairs.

2023-004

Requested by: Muskingum County Prosecuting Attorney
Because R.C. 3335.37 specifically mandates that money obtained from a tax levy or from the general fund of the county be paid into the Ohio State University Extension fund, a county cannot directly distribute the funds to the Ohio State University Extension office in the county, and a board of county commissioners has no authority to charge the Ohio State University Extension rent or utilities for the county office space provided to it pursuant to R.C. 3335.36.

2023-003

Requested by: Highland County Prosecuting Attorney
Neither landowners nor fence-builders can demand the removal of most trees situated within four feet of a partition fence pursuant to R.C. 971.33. The term “trees for use” in R.C. 971.33 refers to trees that are planted for a particular purpose, and whether a particular tree is “for use” is a question of fact for the courts.

2023-002

Requested by: Butler County Prosecuting Attorney
No statute directly mandates or authorizes the recording of a memorandum of contract between a real-estate broker and homeowner in which the homeowner agrees that the broker will be the listing agent if the homeowner sells his home within the next forty years. Therefore, it is within the county recorder’s discretion to determine if the memorandum of contract is a type of instrument required or authorized by the Revised Code to be recorded and/or whether the submitted memorandum of contract is materially false or fraudulent. See R.C. 317.13(B).

2023-001

Requested by: Hardin County Prosecuting Attorney
Compatibility: a person cannot simultaneously serve as a secret-service officer and either a township constable or a municipal-police officer with a special commission within the same county when the person lacks an ability to abstain. The warrantless-arrest authority of township constables is limited, and is not the same as their warrant-arrest authority. A township constable may execute an arrest warrant throughout the county in which the served township sits. Any arrest conducted by an individual serving as a secret-service officer and township constable must occur while the person is acting as a constable. A county prosecutor cannot provide that a township incurs no liability for any unlawful acts done by a person who serves as both, and the ultimate determination as to the prosecutor’s liability is left to the courts. Additionally, a board of county commissioners has no authority to use the general fund to pay for the liability insurance for a person who serves as both. The entity that assumes liability for any unlawful acts is the entity for which the person is working at the moment when the unlawful act occurs.

2022-018

Requested by: Lucas County Prosecuting Attorney
Pursuant to R.C. 2301.24, the cost for copies of court transcripts is subject to the fee schedule in R.C. 149.43 and is not set by the Court of Common Pleas, and the Court of Common Pleas does not have discretion to limit free electronic copies of transcripts to only those copies of transcripts filed in delinquency or criminal cases.

2022-017

Requested by: Geauga County Prosecuting Attorney
A park-district board is not authorized to create a reserve fund, only a replacement fund pursuant to R.C. 1545.28. It derives authority to levy or replace taxes under R.C. 1545.20–.21. It is authorized to modify the language of a replacement, or replacement and additional tax levy, under R.C. 1545.21. Commissioners of a park-district board established under R.C. Chapter 1545 are not required to reside in the territory of the park district.

2022-016

Requested by: Lorain County Prosecuting Attorney
If a municipal corporation annexes township territory pursuant to R.C. 709.16, R.C. 709.16(H) prevents the later use of R.C. 503.07 to make the boundary lines of the township and municipal corporation identical.

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